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Seerah

Preparations for the Wedding

Adopted from the book :"Fatima; the Gracious" by : Abu Muhammad Ordoni"

A non-planned period of time elapsed between the engagement and the wedding ceremony, because Imam Ali (AS) was too shy to speak the Prophet to assign a day for the wedding, while he (P.B.U.H) wanted to protect Fatima's pride by refraining from asking Ali to do so.

A month or more passed by before Imam Ali said anything regarding the wedding. Aqeel (Ali's brother) asked him about the reason for the delay in holding the wedding ceremony and encouraged him to prepare for the wedding and to ask the Prophet (P.B.U.H) to assign a date for it. Despite Ali's shyness, he accompanied Aqeel to the Prophet's house to fulfill his wishes. On their way to the Prophet's house, they met Um Ayman who, when told the reason for their visit, asked them to leave the matter to her. She, in turn, informed Um Salama and the prophet's wives who gathered in Aisha's house, where the prophet (P.B.U.H) was, and said:

"May our parents be your sacrifice ! We are gathered here in regard to that, had Khadija been alive would have brought happiness to her life!!!"

When hearing Khadija's name, the prophet cried and said:

"Surely Khadija believed me when men did not, and helped me in establishing Allah's religion, and granted me her belongings in its path.

Allah-Exalted is His Name-commanded me to bring the good news to Khadija that (she has) a house in Paradise made of brocade and emeralds, where there is not roaring not strain."

Um Salama said: "May our parents be your sacrifice,O messenger of Allah!! surely everything you have praised Khadija for is true, but she departed to her Lord! May He bring happiness to her and gather us with her in the Paradise of His satisfaction and Mercy.

Messenger of Allah! Your brother from among the people of the world, who is also your cousin, Ali Ibn Abu Talib, wished that you specify a day for the wedding so that he may be with his wife Fatima."

The Prophet answered: "Why doesn't Ali ask me to do so?"

She replied: "Shyness prevents him!!"

He said: "Um Ayman, go call Ali for me."

When Um Ayman came out, she found Ali (AS) waiting for the answer. Upon her request he, entered the house and shyly sat near the prophet who said to him:

"Do you wish to be wedded to your wife?"

Ali replied: "Alright, it is to your honor!! If you wish, the wedding can take place tonight or tomorrow night, if Allah wills."

The Prophet said: "So prepare a house for Fatima."

Ali then said: "The only house I can acquire is Harithah Ibn Al-Human's."

The Prophet said: "Surely we are shy for Harithah Ibn Al-Numan's for we have taken the majority of his houses!!"

When Harithah heard about this, he Proceeded towards the Prophet and said:

"Messenger of Allah, I and my property belong to Allah and His Messenger. By Allah, there is nothing more beloved to me than that which you take; it surely is more desirable to me (that you take it) than if you leave it (for me)!!"

Consequently, Harithah, motivated by his strong faith and belief in good deeds, granted Ali (AS) one of his cousin. Imam Ali furnished one of the rooms by spreading and on the floor and erecting a pole for hanging the water container. He also purchased a jug and laid a piece of wood between two walls for hanging clothes, and placed a ram's skin on the floor and put a pillow made of fiber on it. In addition to some gifts which were given to him by some companions.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) ordered Ali (AS) to hold a dinner because Allah, the Exalted, is pleased with those who do so; for the social good it does-such as bringing people together and implementing love and harmony among them.]
It is noteworthy that Lady Fatima Zahra (AS) excelled in giving on the path of Allah; she possessed generosity that no other woman can claim to be equal to.

Al-Asfouri wrote in his book Nuzhat Al-Majalis V.2, P.226,on the authority of Ibn Al-Tawous: "The Prophet (P.B.U.H) had a news dress made for Fatima (as a gift) for her wedding; she had just one old patched dress. On her wedding night, someone knocked on the door and said: 'I ask the household of Prophethood to give me an old dress. 'At first Fatima was going to give me her old dress, but then remembered the Quranic verse:

'By no means shall ye attain righteousness unless ye give (freely) of that which ye love (prefer)'

She then gave the poor man her news dress. Consequently, Gabriel descended and said: 'O Muhammad! Allah sends Him peace upon you; He commanded me to greet Fatima and (give her the gift He sent to her) which is a dress from Paradise, made of silk brocade ...'"

(Returning to the feast), when the food had been prepared, the meat cooked, the bread baked and the dates and butter obtained, the Prophet (P.B.U.H) started spitting the dates and mixing them with the butter to replace sweetmeat for the wedding.

when everything was ready, he (P.B.U.H) asked Ali to invite the people to the feast.

When Ali reached the Mosque, he found it crowded with people-all were at the Mosque, from the poor immigrants who lived there to the Ansars. Nevertheless, Ali's generosity and noble-heartedness did not allow him to invite some people and exclude others, especially since everyone wanted to be invited to the Prophet's daughter's wedding feast. Ali's belief in Allah's power and the Prophet's blessed heart, motivated him to call out loud:
"O people, answer the call of for the feast of Fatima Bint Muhammad."

Men and women form all around Medina gathered in the house. They ate, drink and even took food to their homes. The blessings of the prophet were obvious on that day, for not only the food was enough to feed everyone, but also it did not decrease at all. The Prophet (P.B.U.H) asked for food containers to be brought and filled them and sent them to his wives and left a special container for Fatima and her husband.

By sunset, the wedding night had begun; it was time for Fatima to depart to her new home.

Everything went well, for the Prophet (P.B.U.H) had made all the necessary preparation for the wedding. Despite the simplicity and modesty of her wedding, Fatima's marriage ceremony was surrounded by signs of greatness, excellence, and beauty. Al-Haithami wrote in Majma 'Az-Zaweed tha Jabir said:

"We were present at Fatima and Ali's (May Allah be pleased with them) wedding ceremony, and indeed we have not seen any ceremony better than one ...."
The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) ordered his wives to embellish Fatima (AS) before the wedding; they perfumed and dressed her with jewelry. They all helped to ready Fatima; some combed her hair while others embellished and dressed her in the dress brought by Gabriel from Paradise.
Allah's Messenger (P.B.U.H) paid special attention to Fatima Zahra (AS), which he did not bestow on his other daughters for the following reasons:

A. Her special characteristics and noble traits.

B. Her husband is Ali Ibn Abu Talib, who is known for his talents and longstanding service to Islam-besides being the Prophet's cousin

C. The Prophet (P.B.U.H) also knew that his daughter was going to be included in the verse of purification, the verse of Mubaheleh (supplication), and the verse of kinship.

D. Fatima also is the mother of the Holy Imams who will lead humanity until the Day of Resurrection.

The night of Fatima's wedding arrived. Because every girl needs her mother on her wedding hight, Fatima missed Khadija and felt very much like an orphan. With his (P.B.U.H) noble and special attention to Fatima, the Prophet wished to fill Khadija's space; the Prophet called Ali (As) and Fatima, who proceeded towards him-fatima was in her long heavenly dress overtaken with shyness. He (P.B.U.H) brought his gray horse and asked Fatima to ride it and ordered Salman to lead while he (P.B.U.H) followed them.

Yes, indeed, Fatima's wedding was attended by heavenly creatures as well as people; for she is human huri.

Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi in Tareekh Baghdad V.5, P.7, Al-Hamvini in Durar Al-Simtain, Al-Dhahabi in Mizan Al-Etedal, Garani in Akhbar Al-Dowal, and Qandouzi in Yanabi' Al-Mawaddah have narrated that Ibn Abbas said:

"When Fatima was taken to Ali's house on her wedding night, the Prophet proceeded her, Gabriel was on her right, and Michael on her left, and seventy thousand angels followed her.These angels praised and glorified Allah until dawn!!

The Hashemit men, Abdul Muttalib's daughters, and Muhajirin and Ansars women all accompanied Fatima's caravan that night. The prophet's wives joyfully led the caravan; they were also the first to enter the house.

Upon arriving, the Prophet (P.B.U.H) placed Fatima's hand in Ali's hand and said:

    'May Allah bless his Messenger's daughter;
    Ali, this is Fatima, your are responsible for her (or I entrust her to you)
    Ali, what an excellent wife Fatima is!!
    Fatima, what an excellent husband Ali is!!
    O Allah, bless them, bless their lives, and bless their children.
    O Allah, surely they are the most beloved to me from
    among your creatures, so love them too, and assign for
    them a guardian.
    I place them and their progeny under Your protection from the curse devil.'

 

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) then asked for a jug of water, he sipped a small amount of the water and after gargling with it, placed it back in the jug. He then called for Fatima and sprayed her head and shoulders with that water and did the same thing to Ali (AS). Thereafter, he ordered the women to leave the house. They all left except Asma Bint Umais. When he noticed tha she had stayed behind, he exclaimed : Didn't I ask you to leave?'

She answered: Indeed,O messenger of Allah! May my parents be your sacrifice; I did not intend to disobey you, you I promised Khadija to take her on this night.' The Prophet was moved by this; he cried and said to Asma: "By Allah, is this the reason that made you stay behind?'
She said: 'Yes, by Allah!"

He (P.B.U.H) then said:Asma, may Allah fulfill for you the needs of this world and the Hereafter."